ISBN 978-1407314419
Paperback 302 pages
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Oxford Ltd (29 April 2016
Product Dimensions 21 x 2.08 x 29.7 cm

Description

Throughout the course of history, from early prehistory to the Space Age, power structures have existed which have been more or less derived from or correlated to astronomical phenomena or certain cosmologies and cosmovisions. These have significantly affected and formed the economic, social, political, artistic and religious life of people across different cultures. Cosmographies, time reckoning and calendar systems, celestial navigation techniques, landscape and architectural models of cosmic potency, celestial divination and astrological ideas, cosmic clothing and other related concepts have been used successfully by interest groups to establish, maintain and expand psychological, social, religious and political power. Furthermore, the celestial sphere and its inhabitants have also been closely connected and partially interwoven with the concept of the manifestation of cosmic order and power both in nature and in culture. The book’s 43 chapters cover numerous aspects of the topic, from general ideas to astronomy and politics in the Modern Age.

Astronomy and Power

How Worlds Are Structured

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgement

Local Organizing Committee / Scientific Organizing Committee

List of Participants

Impressions of the Conference

GENERAL IDEAS

Keepers of Time and Guardians of Space–Some Basic Concepts of Astronomy and Power
~MICHAEL A. RAPPENGLÜCK

The Social Life of Celestial Bodies: The Sky in Cultural Perspective
~STANISLAW IWANISZEWSKI

Astral High-Fashion Clothing: Relations between Costumes and Astronomy
~MICHAEL A. RAPPENGLÜCK

NEOLITHIC CULTURES

Astronomy, Landscape and Power in Eastern Anatolia
~JUAN ANTONIO BELMONTE AND A. CÉSAR GONZÁLEZ GARCÍA

Prehistoric Sanctuaries in Daunia
~ELIO ANTONELLO, VITO F. POLCARO, ANNA M. TUNZI AND MARIANGELA LO ZUPONE

Archaeoastronomical World from Romania
~IHARKA SZÜCS-CSILLIK, ALEXANDRA COMŞA AND ZOIA MAXIM

MEGALITHIC CULTURES

Equinoctial Full Moon Models and Non-Gaussianity: Portuguese Dolmens as a Test Case
~FABIO SILVA

Kreisgrabenanlagen: Expressions of Power Linked to the Sky
~GEORG ZOTTI AND WOLFGANG NEUBAUER

Re-structuring the World of Scottish Megalithic Sites and Animating Astronomical Phenomena
through 3D Computerisation
~DAVID FISHER

Recumbent Stone Circles: Theory Overview Based on Fieldwork Conducted at Three Sites
~LIZ HENTY

POWER OF CALENDAR AND CLOCKS

Calendars as Symbols of Power
~SONJA DRAXLER AND MAX E. LIPPITSCH

Astronomical Clocks – Representations of Power
~GUDRUN WOLFSCHMIDT

CHALCOLITHIC / BRONZE AGE / IRON AGE CULTURES

Luni-solar Symbolism in an Artefact from Bulgaria
~VESSELINA KOLEVA

Astronomy, Religion and the Structure of Society in Prehistoric Finland
~MARIANNA RIDDERSTAD

Astronomy and the Power: The Singular Building of Turó del Calvari (Vilalba dels Arcs, Tarragona)
~MANUEL PÉREZ GUTIÉRREZ, DAVID BEA CASTAÑO, JORDI DILOLI FONS AND SAMUEL SARDÀ SEUMA

Precise Astronomical Measurements of Ancient Dacian Sites within the Pythagorean Mega-triangle Sarmizegetusa-Regia-Retezat-Parâng
~FRANZ KEREK AND FLORIN STANESCU

Orientation in the Landscape of Open Air Rock Art in the Mountains between the Alva and Ceira Rivers: The Podomorph Carvings
~FERNANDO PIMENTA, NUNO RIBEIRO, ANDREW SMITH AND LUÍS TIRAPICOS

Total Solar Eclipses Close to the Pleiades on the Nebra Disk and Swedish Rock-Carvings
~GÖRAN HENRIKSSON

Archaeoastronomical Analysis of the Karataevo Fortress Sanctuary on the Northern Black Sea Coast
~LARISA N. VODOLAZHSKAYA

EGYPT,MINOAN CULTURE

Stellar and Solar Components in Ancient Egyptian Mythology and Royal Ideology
~ROLF KRAUSS

The Elite at Knossos as Custodians of the Calendar
~GÖRAN HENRIKSSON AND MARY BLOMBERG

Prince P. A. Putyatin was the Forerunner of Russian Archaeoastronomy
~N. DMITRIEVA

CULTURES IN EUROPE, ASIA,OCEANIA AND AFRICA

The Celestial Engine at the Heart of Traditional Hawaiian Culture
~W. BRUCE MASSE

Cosmic Power: Themes of Astronomy and Power within the Film Cosmic Africa
~JARITA C. HOLBROOK

The Concept of Power and Cosmology: Manipulation of Cosmology by Spiritualists or Native Doctors (Dibia), a Case Study of the Igbo Society of Nigeria
~BARTH CHUKWUEZI

Some Aspects of European Moon Mythology
~MARE KÕIVA AND ANDRES KUPERJANOV

Stars of Power – Astronomical Objects on Ancient Princely Insignia
~MAX E. LIPPITSCH AND SONJA DRAXLER

CULTURES OF NORTH AMERICA,MESOAMERICA AND SOUTH AMERICA

Astronomy and Power in Mesoamerica
~IVAN ŠPRAJC

Possible Mesoamerican Naked-Eye Observation of Sunspots – I: Evidence from the Tikal Ball Court Marker
~RICHARD R. ZITO

Calendric-Astronomical Orientation as an Expression of Power in Mesoamerica
~JESÚS GALINDO TREJO

Possible Mesoamerican Naked-Eye Observation of Sunspots – II: Evidence from the Codices
~RICHARD R. ZITO

Power, Danger and Liminality: Moon, Stars and Women among the Toba of Western Formosa (Gran Chaco, Argentina)
~CECILIA PAULA GÓMEZ

A Topology of Power: Sky and Social Space in the Argentinean Chaco
~ALEJANDRO MARTÍN LÓPEZ

ANTIQUITY

Among the Circles: A Geometrical Analysis of the Teatro Marittimo in Villa Adriana
~MARZIA MONACO, SILVIA GAUDENZI AND MARCELLO RANIERI

MEDIEVAL TIME IN ORIENT AND OCCIDENT

Astronomy and the State: Time, Space and Power in the Foundation of Baghdad
~NICHOLAS CAMPION

Astronomy and Politics: Three Case Studies on the Service of Astrology to Society
~S.MOHAMMAD MOZAFFARI

The Dustūr al-munajjimīn or Does a Sovereign Need Astronomy to Structure His Reign?
~PETRA G. SCHMIDL

The Orientation of Pre-Romanesque Churches in Spain: Asturias, a Case of Power Re-affirmation
~A. CÉSAR GONZÁLEZ GARCÍA, JUAN ANTONIO BELMONTE AND LOURDES COSTA FERRER

Astronomical Heritage in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Late Medieval Tombstones and Astral Motifs
~ZALKIDA HADŽIBEGOVIĆ

The Star of Magi: Transient Astronomical Events as Sources of Inspiration in Late Medieval Art
~M. INCERTI, F. BÒNOLI AND V. F. POLCARO

A Social History of Medieval Astronomy
~A.MARTOCCHIA AND V. F. POLCARO

ASTRONOMY AND POLITICS IN THE MODERN AGE

Astronomy and Politicians
~MAGDA STAVINSCHI AND CĂTĂLIN MOSOIA

Comets in Political Caricatures: Examples from the 18th to 21st Century
~BARBARA RAPPENGLÜCK

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